Introduction

In the uncivilized society no person was said to be safe from attacks to his person or property by any other person. The person attacked either succumbed or overpowered his opponent. A tooth for a tooth, an eye for an eye, a life for a life was the rule of law. With the advancement of time, the injured person agreed to accept compensation, instead of killing his adversary. For a long time the function of settling the terms remained with the parties themselves, but gradually this function came...

Title and extent of operation of the Code

This Act shall be called the Indian Penal Code, and shall extend to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

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Punishment of offences committed within India

Every person shall be liable to punishment under this Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to the provisions thereof, of which, he shall be guilty within India.

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Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences

The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by—
(1) any citizen of India in any place without and beyond India;
(2) any person on any ship or aircraft registered in India wherever it may be.
Explanation - In this section the word "offence" includes every act committed outside India, which, if committed in India, would be punishable under this Code.
Illustration-
A, who is ...

300- Murder

Except in the cases hereinafter excepted, culpable homicide is murder, if the act
by which the death is caused is done with the intention of causing death, or—
Secondly — If it is done with the intention of causing such bodily injury as the
offender knows to be likely to cause the death of the person to whom the harm is
caused, or—
Thirdly — If it is done with the intention of causing bodily injury to...

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