Part 3 – Article 12 to article 35

Article 12- Definition of the state

Article 13- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
    Originally, constitution provided for 7 basic fundamental rights, now there is only six rights, one Right to property U/A 31 was deleted from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978. It made a legal right U/A 300-A in Part XII of the constitution.

Some important Fundamental Rights are as:

Right to Equality: Article 14 to Article 18

    Article 14- Equality before the law.
    Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.
    Article 16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
    Article 17- Abolition of the un-touchability.
    Article 18- Abolition of titles

Right to Freedom: Article 19 to article 22

Article19- guarantees to all the citizens the six rights

    (a) Right to freedom of speech and expression.
    (b) Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
    (c) Right to form associations or unions.
    (d) Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.
    (e) Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
    (f) Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, and business.

    Article 20- Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
    Article 21-Protection of life and personal liberty.
    Article 22- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right against Exploitation: Article 23 & Article 24

    Article 23- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
    Article 24- Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines. Under age of 14.

Right to Freedom of Religion: Article 25 to Article 28

    Article 25- Freedom of conscience and free profession , practice and propagation of religion.
    Article 26- Freedom to manage religious affairs.
    Article 27- Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
    Article 28- Freedom from attending religious instruction.

Cultural and Educational Rights: Article 29 & Article 30

    Article 29- Protection of interest of minorities.
    Article 30- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
    Article 32- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

 

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Part 3 – Article 12 to article 35

Article 12- Definition of the state

Article 13- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
    Originally, constitution provided for 7 basic fundamental rights, now there is only six rights, one Right to property U/A 31 was deleted from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978. It made a legal right U/A 300-A in Part XII of the constitution.

Some i...

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